MHC

Major Histocompatibility Complex, MHC

Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is the group of genes located at the long arm of chromosome 6 in humans and chromosomes 17 in mice. They are also called Human Leucocyte Antigen (HLA) complex in humans and H-2 complex in mice. They play important roles in intercellular recognition and in differentiation …

Immunogenicity factor

Antigens and Immunogens

Immunogens and antigens are different in term of the definitions. Immunogens are the substance that can induce the immune response, basically production of B and/or T cells. It is so called immunogenic. Immunogenicity is the ability to induce the humoral and cellular immune responses. Antigens are the substances that can …

Sleep and Brain

Sleep Helps in Flushing Away Waste from Brain

Recent study, published in Journal Science discovered that sleeping is actually good for Alzheimer’s disease and other neurological diseases. Researchers from University …

Glycogenesis

Glycogen is synthesized as energy storage in liver during well fed state. Glycogenesis occurs in cytosol. It synthesizes the glycogen from α-D-glucose. …

Pentose Phosphate Pathway, Hexose Monophosphate Shunt, HMP Shunt

Pentose Phosphate Pathway

Pentose phosphate pathway (Figure 1) is also called hexose monophosphate shunt (HMP shunt). It occurs in cytosol. It is an alternative metabolism …

Cori Cycle

Gluconeogenesis

Gluconeogenesis plays an important role in supplying glucose from the conversion of non carbohydrate compounds such as lactate, pyruvate, glycerol, glucogenic amino acids …

Glucose, Energy, Glycolysis

Glycolysis

Glycolysis (Figure 1) is a process to breakdown of glucose to simpler molecules by releasing energy in every cell. Intermediate products formed for …

enzymes, speed, reaction

Enzymes

Enzymes are protein catalyst that increase the rate of reaction without changing itself in the end of the process. Classification of Enzymes …

HIV

Circumcision may Lower the Risk of HIV Infection

Condom is one of the common prevention methods against sexual transmitted infection and HIV infection. Studies suggests that male circumcision decreases the …

beetroot, hypertension, high blood pressure

Beetroot (甜菜根) could Reduce High Blood Pressure

              Beta vulgaris, is commonly called beet (in English), 甜菜根(in Chinese) and Kamus (in Malay) is …

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