Category: Immunology

Immunology is the study of immune system in human body. Immune systems recognize non-self materials and dispose them from body.

Antigens and Immunogens

Immunogens and antigens are different in term of the definitions. Immunogens are the substance that can induce the immune response, basically production of B and/or T cells. It is so… Read more »


Phagocytosis is an endocytosis process where the extracellular particle is ingested by phagocytes. The specialized cells actively involve in phagocytosis are monocyte, macrophage, neutrophil and dendritic cell. Phagocytosis process Phagocyte… Read more »

cell, immunology, white blood cell

Cells of Immune System

Lymphocytes are the central cells of the immune system. Lymphocytes responsible in adaptive immunity which contribute in diversify, memory, specificity and self and non self recognition. White blood cells also… Read more »


AIDS is constellation disorder from HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection. The HIV virus cripples human immune system and cause body more susceptible to various rare infectious disease. This is so… Read more »

allergy, hypersensitivity, immunology, biology

Allergy and Hypersensitivity

Hypersensitivity is an immune response results in exaggerated reactions harmful to the host. Hypersensitivity is classified into four types: Type I hypersensitivity Type II hypersensitivity Type III hypersensitivity Type IV… Read more »

Cancer Immunology

Tumor or cancerĀ  is a pathological cell masses caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division of single cell. The transformation of normal cell to tumor cell can be due to… Read more »